Modern electrical appliances are truly a work of art. With the continued growth of demand and technological advances, modern electrical appliances have evolved to meet the needs of consumers. From the integration of smart technologies to the disposal of external solids through the built-in power control, gadgets and appliances these days are safer and more efficient than a decade ago.
Despite all these improvements, saving your electrical life is a factor that has always plagued consumers. A major factor affecting the health of electrical appliances is damage due to electrical fluctuations.
Gadgets and appliances are very sensitive to voltage and work very well with a certain amount of electrical energy. Any type of variation in input voltage and your device is gone.
To prevent this problem, Voltage Stabilizers or Stabilizer Free operations were introduced. There is not much information about who designed the first voltage regulator but it is believed that Max Whiting and Richard Teare were the first creators of a simple circuit combination that served as the first electric controller, even though it was designed for a car.
The machine was in good working order and was soon acquired by the electronics industry. From then on, the stabilizing machine has become an integral part of all major gadgets and electronics.
If you buy an AC or refrigerator today, you find that manufacturers advertising their products can work without stabilizers or come with internal stabilizers.
They use terms such as ‘Stabilizer-free’ or ‘Stabilizer Free operation’ or ‘Inbuilt Stabilizer’ to market their products.
What do these words mean?
Should we look for an external stabilizer, or should we stop using it? Let’s understand the importance of a voltage stabilizer and why we use a machine in our homes.
Why do we use voltage stabilizers?
A change in the magnitude of an electric current is often referred to as a fluctuation in the force of an electric current that exceeds the maximum voltage range determined by the values.
The normal voltage of a single-phase power supply system in our country is 230V. When it deviates from its width, the condition is called fluctuations. The deviation voltage range from 170 V to 270 V. When we need a Stabilizer Free operation to adjust the deviated range.
Varying of voltage or power supply leads to an increase or decrease in the power output from the mains. They are technically called over-voltage or under-voltage accordingly. Among those electrical devices, suppose your TV is affected, then some devices connected to it could easily get damaged.
(Other connected devices such as Set-Top Box, DVD Player, home theater system, Gaming Consoles, etc.,) In addition, they often hurt you due to power supply variations or shocks to the electrical circuit. Therefore, it is important to protect your electrical equipment.
A voltage stabilizer is an electrical device designed to deliver a constant load to its output terminals regardless of the input or input power. It operates with the principle of a transformer, where the current input is connected to the main windings and the output is obtained from the secondary windings.
If there is a decrease in incoming electricity, it activates the electromagnetic relays which add to the additional value of the second rotation, thus providing a higher voltage compensating for the loss of outgoing energy.
When there is an increase in incoming electricity, a reverse occurs, and, thus, the voltage on the output side remains virtually unchanged with Stabilizer Free operation. Protects equipment or machinery from overvoltage, Undervoltage, and other power outages.
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Long-term overvoltage will result in:
- Permanent damage to equipment
- Insulation damage to the windings
- Unwanted disruption of the load
- Increased loss of cables and related tools
- Reducing machine life
Long time Undervoltage will result in:
- Mechanical malfunction
- Long working hours (as in resistive heaters)
- Reduced mechanical performance
- Drawing large currents that lead to overheating
- Calculation errors
- Reduced engine speed
Stabilizers protect electrical equipment from harmful voltages and currents and ensure efficiency. As mentioned earlier, fluctuations in electrical energy are harmful to your electronics and can cause performance disruption.
Also, in countries like India, fluctuations in electricity are very common. From power outages to thunderstorms and lightning strikes, anything could cause the electricity to stagnate. Therefore, as the saying goes, “Prevention is better than cure.”
Are there different voltage stabilizers for different appliances?
The voltage stabilizers are set correctly depending on the material to be used. They are categorized on the basis of the power limit and the characteristics of a particular machine.
Everything that works in our house has a certain amount of energy. Remembering those specific limitations in mind, the affirmative affiliates are formed. The different types of stabilizers are:
- Stabilizer for air conditioner
- Digital stabilizer (LCD TV / LED TV / music systems)
- Refrigerator Stabilizer
- CRT TV boilers, music programs
- Washing machine, treadmill, oven
- Mainline Stablizers
Which voltage stabilizer should you purchase?
One should always look for the popular type of voltage stabilizer. Retailers may force you to buy cheaper voltage stabilizers, and you may end up buying one to save a few thousand rupees.
- Choose a popular brands by doing your homework right..
- Check the voltage range supported by an external voltage regulator. The width should be extended to a greater degree on both sides of the electrical circuit supported by the device. In our example, our device supports an input voltage range of 135V to 290V. Therefore, the voltage stabilizer we intend to purchase should support high voltage, say from 100V to 400V. If not, there is no use in purchasing a voltage stabilizer.
- Call an electrician to check that the output voltage of the voltage stabilizer is within an acceptable range of 220V or approximately, even during power outages.
Many people are confused between the voltage stabilizer and the Stabilizer Free operation that exist in almost every home today. The moral of the story – It is better to be safe than to be sorry.
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